Tim Vantilborgh, Jemima Bidee, Roland Pepermans, Yannick Griep, Joeri Hofmans
Vantilborgh T, Bidee J, Pepermans R, Griep Y, Hofmans J (2016) Antecedents of Psychological Contract Breach: The Role of Job Demands, Job Resources, and Affect. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0154696. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154696
Publication year: 2016

While it has been shown that psychological contract breach leads to detrimental outcomes, relatively little is known about factors leading to perceptions of breach. We examine if job demands and resources predict breach perceptions. We argue that perceiving high demands elicits negative affect, while perceiving high resources stimulates positive affect. Positive and negative affect, in turn, influence the likelihood that psychological contract breaches are perceived. We conducted two experience sampling studies to test our hypoth- eses: the first using daily surveys in a sample of volunteers, the second using weekly sur- veys in samples of volunteers and paid employees. Our results confirm that job demands and resources are associated with negative and positive affect respectively. Mediation anal- yses revealed that people who experienced high job resources were less likely to report psychological contract breach, because they experienced high levels of positive affect. The mediating role of negative affect was more complex, as it increased the likelihood to per- ceive psychological contract breach, but only in the short-term.